Many women argue that the work done by women isn’t valued as highly as that done by men, contributing to the gender pay gap. Researchers from Cornell University have given that argument more credence. Their study finds that wages decline when women enter a business in large numbers although the women are doing exactly the same jobs previously held by men, according to The New York Times.
“Consider the discrepancies in jobs requiring similar education and responsibility, or similar skills, but divided by gender,” writes Claire Cain Miller. “The median earnings of information technology managers (mostly men) are 27% higher than human resources managers (mostly women), according to Bureau of Labor Statistics data. At the other end of the wage spectrum, janitors (usually men) earn 22% more than maids and housecleaners (usually women).”
Another study—conducted by Paula England of New York University, Asaf Levanon of the University of Haifa and Paul Allison of the University of Pennsylvania—tracked changes in jobs and pay between 1950 and 2000. In the recreation field, for example, where the workforce shifted from mostly male to predominantly female, median hourly wages declined by 57 percentage points. For the job of ticket agent, which also shifted to mostly female, wages fell by 43 percentage points.
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